Saint Andrew Dung-Lac, a Catholic priest and missionary in Vietnam, was one of the 117 martyrs who gave their life for the faith in the 19th century. In 1832, Emperor Minh-Mang banned all foreign missionaries and tried to wipe out Christianity. Churches were destroyed, instructions forbidden, villages and families were obliterated. The tortures of these Christians is considered the worst in Church history. St Andrew was tortured, then beheaded in 1839 for the offense of being a Catholic priest.